Heroin

Latest heroin statistics and heroin addiction facts. Information about heroin addiction and heroin addiction statistics are collected from various public information sources and news stories.

Between September 2013 and January 2014, public health programs in Maryland have reported that 37 people have died from heroin laced with fentanyl. During that time period, over 300 people died from heroin overdoses in the state. Thus, fentanyl accounted for over 10 percent of all heroin deaths in the five month period.

(Additional heroin addiction statistics.)

Fentanyl is a power opiate that is used in pain killer medicines. When laced with heroin, it creates a powerful drug combination. At the end of 2013 and the start of 2014, a strong batch of heroin laced with fentanyl was being sold to heroin users across the Northeast. Those that have used the fentanyl laced heroin reported that the heroin looks whiter than regular heroin.

Due to its strong effects, officials are concerned that more users will gravitate towards it. This also leads officials to decline to release the name of the brand of heroin that may be laced with fentanyl.

(How much does heroin cost around the world?)

Aside for fentanyl, heroin is getting stronger and more potent in the United States. Most of the heroin seized on the streets are found to be 60 to 70 percent pure, compared to a 5 percent purity level in the 1970s.

:  Justin Fenton, “Fentanyl-linked heroin deaths part of larger drug overdose trend,” Baltimore Sun, February 8, 2014.

:  Ian Duncan and Justin Fenton, “Police and feds launch deadly heroin cocktail investigation,” Baltimore Sun, February 4, 2014.

The number of deaths related to heroin abuse in New York City increased by 84 percent between 2010 and 2012. In 2010, the death rate was 3.1 per 100,000 residents due to causes related to heroin. By 2012, the rate increased to 5.7.

In neighboring Long Island, the number of heroin abusers entering drug treatment centers increased to 767 in January 2014, In 2009, the drug rehab centers were averaging 100 heroin abusers per month.  Public health programs in neighboring states such as Pennsylvania, Ohio and Vermont all have seen similar increases in heroin addiction.

The trends in the Northeastern US is similar to the rise across the country. Between 2007 and 2012, the rate of heroin abuse in the United States increased by 79 percent. A total of 669,000 people in the US reported that they used heroin in 2012.

Many of the heroin abusers originally become addicted to prescription drugs. 80 percent of the people who used heroin in 2011 was also involved in prescription drug abuse. While hooked to prescription pain kills, the user turns to heroin due to its cheaper cost. For example, in Long Island, a pill of the painkiller Vicodin costs $30 on the black market. A bag of heroin, which can offer the same high, is sold for $10.

(The cost of heroin on the black market.)

The heroin being sold in the United States is also becoming stronger. In the 1970s, the heroin seized on the streets by police were later found to have a 5 percent purity level.  In 2014, the heroin being sold has a 60 to 70 percent purity.

:  Carol Chen and Del Quentin Wilber, “Heroin Resurgence Sparked by Cheap Cost, Easy Access,” Bloomberg Businessweek, February 3, 2014.

A reader of Esip submitted data regarding the cost of heroin on the black market of Massachusetts.

According to the data, one gram of heroin costs $80 in the city of Boston.

In the city of Worcester, the price for  a gram of heroin increased to $100.

In the far east portion of the state, a gram of heroin for sale in Cape Cod goes for $200.

See all reader submitted data on illegal drugs or submit additional data.

(How much does heroin cost?)

Source:  User Submitted Data, Received on February 1, 2014.

According to reader submitted information to Esip, the street price of a gram of heroin in Australian city of Perth is $500.

To buy a quarter gram, the reported price is $200, and for half a gram the street price is $350.

The submitted information was based upon street prices as of January 1, 2014.

The last reported price available from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime had the retail street price of heroin in Australia to be $50.4 per gram.

(How much does heroin cost?)

Source:  User Submitted Information to Esip, Received on January 2, 2014.

Criminal justice programs across Colombia report that synthetic drugs are more popular with users that traditional forms of illegal drugs.

In the capital of Bogota, synthetic drugs are used more often than marijuana, cocaine and heroin, according to the National Police of Colombia. A study conducted in 2013 found that there were 130 points of sale in Bogota where synthetic drugs were available for purchase.

Over 45 different types of synthetic drugs are available for users in Bogota. These pills are sold by drug dealers at a wide range of prices, depending on the substance and the time of day. The reported price for a single pill of a synthetic drugs range from $5.19 to $51.90 (10,000 to 100,000 Colombian Pesos).

In comparison, the price for a single hit of Punto Rojo marijuana in Bogota is $1 (2,000 Pesos), and a single gram of low-grade cocaine is $5.19 (10,000 Pesos).

(Cocaine prices by gram.)

:  Santiago Wills, “Synthetic drugs a new plague in Colombia,” Infosurhoy, December 27, 2013.

In 2012, there were 3 babies being born each day in England that were addicted to cocaine, heroin and other types of drugs.

1,129 babies were born with “neonatal withdrawal symptoms”, according to the National Health Service. The number of babies born addicted to drugs was 11 percent higher than the number born in 2008.

The babies are addicted to the drugs due to the mother abusing the drugs while pregnant. Within the first few hours of being born, the babies face withdrawal symptoms from the drugs, such as vomiting and diarrhea. The babies must be placed immediately in drug treatment programs.

:  Andrew Gregory, “Rise in babies born addicted to heroin and crack cocaine as numbers hit three a day,” Mirror, December 24, 2013.

(More United Kingdom security threats.)

In the first half of 2013, security services in China seized about 4.1 tonnes of heroin across the country. The amount seized was 12.5 percent higher than the amount seized in the first half of 2012. 6 tonnes of ketamine, an anesthetic drug primarily used by Veterinarians, were also seized during the time period, an increase of 311 percent from the year before.

In terms of traffickers, roughly 81,000 people were arrested by police across China in the first half of 2013 for drug related offenses. The number of people arrested was 34 percent higher than the year before.

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the demand for heroin and opiates in China has increased to exceed the supply in Laos and Myanmar, causing traffickers to have to transport opium for Afghanistan to meet the demand.

(Price of heroin worldwide.)

:  Patrick Boehler, “Southeast Asia can’t meet China’s opium demand, says UN body,” South China Morning Post, December 18, 2013.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that 870 metric tons of opium was produced in Myanmar in 2013. The amount produced is 26 percent higher than the 2012 production levels.

Myanmar is the world’s second largest producer of opium after Afghanistan, which produced 5,500 metric tons of opium in 2013.

Heroin trafficking and opium has been increasing in East and Southeast Asia, according to the UNODC. In 2010, criminal justice agencies seized 6.5 metric tons of heroin in the region. In 2012, over 9 metric tons were seized. Opium seizures also increased, with 2 metric tons seized in 2010, compared to 2.7 metric tons in 2012.

(Cost to buy heroin per gram worldwide.)

:  Associated Press, “UN: Poverty Pushing Myanmar Opium Output Higher,” ABC News, December 18, 2013.

841 people in Clark County (which includes the city of Las Vegas) died in 2012 from accidentally overdosing on drugs. Most of the deaths involved prescription drugs.

As previously mentioned, there is a direct link between the rise in prescription drug abuse and a rise in heroin abuse across the United States, and the link is demonstrated again in Nevada. In 2006, there were 266 people who entered drug rehab centers for treatment regarding addictions to prescription drugs. In 2012, the number of patients increased to 616.

(All statistics on heroin addiction.)

Heroin treatment programs also saw an increase in admissions. In 2006, a total of 607 people sought treatment for heroin addiction in Nevada. In 2012, the number increased to 931.

Heroin use increases due to its cheaper price on the black market when compared to prescription drugs. One pill of Vicodin can cost $5, with an addict needing up to 10 pills a day. A bag of heroin can cost $10, with two to three hits lasting the entire day, thus saving the user $20 to $30 when switching to heroin.

(How much does heroin cost around the world?)

:  Jackie Valley, “Lawmen focus on biggest drug problem: overdoses of prescribed meds,” Las Vegas Sun, December 17, 2013.

36 percent of high school seniors in the United States stated that they smoked marijuana in 2013. Over 12 percent of eight graders also smoked marijuana during the year.

Nearly 60 percent of seniors stated that they did not view marijuana use as harmful, compared to 55 percent in 2012.

According to an annual survey by Monitoring the Future, other forms of drugs, alcohol and tobacco l use by high school students declined in 2013. 40 percent of seniors stated that they drank alcohol during the year, down from 53 percent in 1997. Les than 10 percent of seniors smoked cigarettes, the first time the number has ever dropped below 10 percent. Prescription drug abuse of the painkiller Vicodin is down by half from the number of student who were abusing it, and cocaine and heroin use by all students was at all time lows in 2013.

(How much does marijuana cost?)

:  Anahd O’Connor, “Increasing Marijuana Use in High School Is Reported,” New York Times, Well Blog, December 18, 2013.